What Is Accrual Accounting?

What Is Accrual Accountng

Are you finding it difficult to deal with the complexities of your business’s financial health? Are you trying to figure out the right accounting method that suits your business? Well, among the most common problems business owners encounter is understanding the fine details of accounting methods.

However, accrual accounting can be a game changer as it offers you a more accurate picture of your business’s financial landscape. But what exactly is it, and why should you care? Let’s find out in this blog.

What Is Accrual Accounting?

Accrual accounting is an accounting method where financial events are recorded as they occur, not just when cash changes hands. In simpler terms, it’s about recognising income when you earn it and expenses when you incur them, whether or not money has been exchanged. This is in stark contrast to cash accounting, where transactions are only recorded when cash is received or paid.

Why Does It Matter?

Using the wrong accounting method can lead to uneven financial statements and this can make your business less profitable. At times when you offer a service, you might not get paid over time. And if you use cash accounting, this amount might not appear on your books until the cash is reflected in the ban statement. Accrual accounting, however, would show this revenue immediately, providing you with a more accurate representation of your financial standing.

The Five Pillars

Assets, liabilities, equity, income, and expenses are the five main parts of accrual accounting. Every business owner needs to know about these elements.

  • Assets: These are resources like cash, receivables, and property that your business owns.
  • Liabilities: These are your debts and obligations, such as payables and loans.
  • Equity: This represents the ownership interest in the business.
  • Income: This includes revenue from sales, services, and other inflows like grants.
  • Expenses: These are the costs incurred in running your business, from salaries to utilities.

The Double-Entry System

Accrual accounting uses a double-entry system. For every financial event, there are two entries: a debit and a credit. This ensures that the accounting equation (Assets = Liabilities + Equity) always balances. It’s like a financial yin and yang, keeping everything in harmony.

The Not-So-Small Print

One thing to note is the concept of ‘materiality.’ In accounting, information is considered material if its omission could mislead financial statement users. Accrual accounting allows for a finer understanding of materiality, making your financial statements more reliable.


You might view Accrual accounting as something that has an endless list of business must-dos, but it’s certainly a cornerstone for understanding and improving your financial health. If you are looking for accounting solutions for your business in Australia, you can consult KPG Taxation, which has expert tax accountants who will take care of your business’s financial health so that you can have peace of mind.

Consulting with KPG Taxation

Focus On Growing Your Business, Leave The Accounting On Us!

  • Income Tax : File your taxes & get the best claims & returns.
  • Accountancy : Hire expert accountants to manage your transactions.
  • Bookkeeping : Let us handle your record books and expense reports.
  • Business Advisory : From company set-up to payroll, we handle it all.